Invoking the Ninth Amendment

Invoking the Ninth Amendment

The meaning and importance of the Ninth Amendment has literally been debated since its inception when it was included in the Bill of Rights. The amendment states: “The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage...
Drawing Racial Lines

Drawing Racial Lines

Gerrymandering—the manipulation of boundaries in congressional districts to favor one political party over another—has been around since the early 1800s. The courts have been somewhat hesitant to declare partisan gerrymandering unconstitutional. Racial gerrymandering,...